2nd edition: ) ; O suta de ani de zile la Portile Orientului (A read more · O suta de ani la portile Orientului / A Hundred Years at the Gates of the Orient. (), S. ; I. Banu, Filozofia Orientului antic. [Die Philosophie povestirii , odată cu începutul primăverii psihice, într-una din primele zile albastre ale anului – R.N. . respectate. La fiecare de ani, maşinile electronice făceau o nouă contopire; de pildă, Odoacru consimte, deschide porţile. Ravennei şi la. 23 de ani de întrebări şi răspunsuri, Humanitas, ; O idee care ne suceşte minţile (în Ce înseamnă, de fapt, Comèdii la porțile Orientului? detalii . Note, stări, zile (–) . Să ne imaginăm că Noica împlineşte de ani.
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No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permision of the Editor. Understanding Victorianism in Broader Cultural Terms. Traficul de persoane — fenomen global actual. Image of the crown in Orientklui s plays.
We are being read within, from the outside. Doar arme nu avea. Paradoxul nu e singur.
Let me start by expressing my best wishes for a profitable work to the eminent and the young scholars, and to all those who made possible this quite impressive Forum. It is impressive because of the number of researchers summoned here, the outstanding achievements of many of them, the variety of disciplines and the large presence of junior scientists. What makes ESOF unique in the international landscape is its capability of putting in touch different research worlds and actors.
And this we need, if we want to create the conditions for extracting from the growth of sni its full potential for social development. I would like to make a crucial addition: Europe as a whole cannot count on natural resources or underpaid labor, while a qualified human capital and a knowledge-driven economy are to be our main resources now and for the future. These assets must be developed by investments from various sources in a favorable framework of rules.
We may well say the same about research and innovation policies, which require a patient, long term, multi-level and multi-actor commitment. But if we want European science to regain to pivotal role it played in the past, we simply need more Europe. As I have recently repeated in a speech to the US Congress, by Europe I do not mean a collection of Nation-states but a united political subject. Europe can do much more and much better only if we strengthen our unity and integration.
The same holds true for scientific and tehnological research. No single European country can generate the investments in research which are needed to achieve the true excellence of results we should aim at.
There are positive sings in this direction. The European Commission has deployed and will deploy s series of policy tools and programmes devoted to foster common projects and networks of researches and centers, to support the mobility of senior and, in particular, junior researchers and students.
Other actors, such as regional governments and foundations, can and to contribute to this integration process. And I am also happy to learn that the continuation of these efforts, together with the capitalization of the Esof results, will be jointly supported by ds group of European foundations in the context of Euroscience. But we all know while all this is very important, it is not enough. We need a common awareness that nation-state based research will no longer work in the future for Europe as the main engine of dw growth of knowledge.
At the same time, the need for a truly European research strategy does not contrast with the orienfului that scientific Europe must operate in a cosmopolitan context. This is not a contradiction.
A more integrated European scientific community, like more integrated political union, should also be more capable of renovating the historical, fundamental transatlantic bridge with the US, and reinforce the new bridges with the brilliant scientific communities wich are growing in the rest of the planet.
President Obama recently reiterated his deep conviction that a strong, integrated Europe is a fundamental component of a multilateral international order.
I simply add that a more integrated European scientific community is a fundamental element for stronger multilateral research relations.
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We cannot, however, expect this to happen only as result of a top-down process, led from above. The European project has to be promoted thanks to the emergence of a truly European civil society and scientists, with their constant drive to overcome boundaries snd barriers, can play an important role in helping European society to remain truly open and tolerant.
In order for this to happen, we need events such as ESOF which can reach out to the larger public opinion. Cities have always played an essential role in the growth of science, from its very birth as a human endeavor. I am glad thar the host city, Turin, with its scientific traditions and its current role in the techno-scientific field, is proving once again capable of organizing and supporting complex events.
Ladies and gentlemen, let me finish by saying again that I would really be happy to be there with you in the next days, also because I am sure that there is much to learn from your lectures and workshops.
I wish you again some very productive, and fopefully pleasant, working days in Turin.
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Artele Spectacolului de Teatru Coregrafie Tema: Their main polemical aim was to demolish the aura of respectability surrounding the edifice of Victorian culture. On a materialistic and cynical assumption, we may rhetorically 100 if the fact that the Victorians got so closely involved with reading on a popular basis was not simply orientulul fad or even worse, if it was not a matter of profit, as the printed press was a business that paid, with so many people who joined in the readership circle.
Next, we may need to wonder about the dangers of associating culture to materialism in izle another sense. What oridntului the effects of casting culture in the role of a public service ministering to the spiritual needs of the historical British community, as had ministered the improvement in material commodities in urban life in general xile the industrialized 19th century?
Among the observable effects of the Victorian sense of a useful culture is the ideological prolixity and didactic dw of Victorianism, even in the literature of pure invention, in the novel and in poetry. This is due to the fact that Victorianism ostensibly addresses a newly made gentlemanly ank which it wants to educate and make commensurably important from a cultural point of view, directly proportional to its greatness in point of material wealth and progress.
The Victorian public, the cultural protagonists and cultural agents could be accused of impairing the quality of art by subordinating it to seriousness in the virtuously moral sense, and to propagandistic utilitarianism. The missionary culturalism of the Victorians promotes a conventional and didactic rather than original version of culture, adapted and subordinated as it is to the needs of the laymen or the masses, to the utilitarian view of culture as a gain.
The issues, eloquence and format of the Victorian quality press are almost inconceivable today, in the context of trash informational explosion of the late 20th century media hype and consumerism.
Also, in referring to the Orienntului cultural makers or teachers as a whole, the portule they employed for their business of cultural legitimating and transmission are exemplary too; they employed several humanistic traditions critically and liberally, i.
The recipe of their faith is eclectic and maybe no longer compatible with 20th century wisdom, but it nevertheless is faith, secular faith, which in the context of these lectures will be referred to by different names, such as medievalism, liberalism, hedonism. The same otherwise utilitarian intellectuals were careful to limit the materialistic effects of their age of progress; they were in two minds about their own excellence, which proves that their Bloomsbury detractors were narrow-minded, they ignored the overall picture of Victorianism, when they allowed themselves to get carried away by their high-modernist targeted fury.
Maybe it is no longer necessary to join in the high intellectualist revolt against the massification implicit in Victorian culture and begin to regard the high-modernist savagely disrespectful anti-Victorianism as a case of typical revolt of the sons against their fathers. Because, demonstrably, the high-modernist poets in Britain, W. On the one hand, his powers over external nature or the natural environment had been spectacularly increased owing to the scientific and technological progress of the first industrialization age.
It was first to match this sense of greater power over nature that man developed a commensurate ambition in the management of his own material, social and historical affairs, in the man-created environment or social milieu.
Victorianism added the specific stamp of its own optimism to this social archetype: Gradgrind in his own family. All the more ambitious was man in his immediate plans in the 19th century as he had become rationally aware and scientifically convinced of the cruelty of time and nature in the long run, especially as measured against the geological scale. By the study of rocks and fossils, the remote past of the planet was scientifically revealed to be a scene of cyclical creation and destruction irrespective and in despite of man.
Man, therefore, saw himself as a puny creature whose survival was a matter of intense, ambitious presentness. The name given to all this is materialism, and if regarded from the opposite, puritanical fold, secularism or agnosticism. It is customary to refer to Victorianism as, on the one hand the earlier puritanical orthodoxy, while, on the other hand, to distinguish it from the adverse reactions of late Victorianism. By applying a formalist, rhetorical criterion rather than a purely ideological one, here we tend to look at the various manifestations of Victorianism as understandable human reactions to the environment, materialized in kinds of discourse as follows: Thus, in the prose of ideas, when taking himself very seriously, Victorian man reacted emotionally first, he asserted his own spiritual, super natural worth very powerfully in the face of cynical materialism.
Yet another necessary remark has to do with the underlying puritanical idealism of medievalism which can be more precisely defined as a kind of alternative faith militating against the materialistic, secular limitations of the present.
Liberalism will be proved to pervade the debates on public, general or higher education, civic existence and public communication, reaching into the more spiritually self-sufficient departments or institutions of religion or the discussion of artistic and literary creation.
Liberalism starts from the demonstration and construction of knowledge. Knowledge is the basic notion of all deliberative activities as the only logical source of theoretical or practical justice. Liberalism is, like democracy, a transparent public deed that can be understood and verified by any reasonable human being. Cultural liberalism is probably the greatest contribution of an age of individualistic initiative and progress, as the Victorian age was, to the edifice of human history, debatable though it may be in many material or spiritual respects.
It is as a result of the accumulation and correct management of knowledge as information in an age of active mass communication that the 19th century liberal thinking can be credited with having set up new disciplines, each functioning owing to its own legitimate corpus, laws and discourse: And no mention has been made as yet of the less directly humanistic disciplines of geology or biology as branches of natural science with whose spectacular development it is again the 19th century that must be credited.
One major source of 19th century materialism or positivism is precisely the application of the natural science models to every department of knowledge and to any social project; it was against this leveling of human understanding that the majority of the humanists such as Carlyle, Ruskin and Arnold, then the socialists and the other brands of modern ist thinkers protested in the latter half of the 19th century and afterwards.
II Norton, 2. Crises of representation Cornell University Press The geopolitical tradition had some consistent concerns, like the geopolitical correlates of power in world politics, the identification of international core areas, and the relationships between naval and terrestrial capabilities. Friedrich Ratzel — born, August 30,Karlsruhe, Baden, died August 9,Ammerland, Germany — german geographer and ethnographer and a principal influence in the modern development of both disciplines.
Late in his life he analyzed the different kinds of national constitutions. Sensul acestui termen este destul de complex. Dar aceasta nu scade din presiunile teribile la care sunt supuse statele respective. Statul este studiat din mai multe perspective: O spune, de altfel, explicit Kjellen: De fapt, aici este vorba de frontierele politice ale statului.
Sava Nicu Ionel Geopolitica. Enciclopedia Brittanica, Friedrich Ratzel German geographerwww. Sava, Nicu Ionel Geopolitica. Sava, Nicu Ionel, op. Geopolitica, Craiova, Editura Ramuri,p.
Conform unor rapoarte recente ale Human Rights Watch, aproximativ Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons, Aug.