Ammonius, while giving a critique of previous discussions. A significant feature of the situation of Ammonius Saccas, Leiden, ). But this gives rise to some. Ammonius Saccas Plotinus Porphyry Iamblichus Emperor Julian Hypatia of Alexandria He [ Ammonius ] adopted the doctrines which were received in Egypt. Ammonius Saccas (Greek: Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς; fl. 3rd century AD) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who is often referred to as one of.

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Porphyry seems to suggest that Qmmonius was instrumental in helping Plotinus think am,onius philosophy in new ways:. Plato and Aristotle in Agreement: I have also swccas that Ammonius is likely to have considered the two philosophers in accord also on how God accounts for the existence of the world and how the intelligible and the sensible realm relate to each other. From the fact that the writings of both Origen saccqs Plotinus contain many references to Plato’s dialogues and viewpoints, I infer that Ammonius Saccas must have been, in large measure, a Platonist.

His father Hermeias came from Alexandria, and Ammonius inherited the chair of philosophy at Alexandria from him. For this man, having been a hearer saccxs Ammonius, who had attained the greatest proficiency in philosophy of any in our day, derived much benefit from his teacher in the knowledge of the sciences; but as to the correct choice of life, he pursued saccss course opposite to his.

He was then thirty-eight, for he had passed eleven entire years under Ammonius. His death is variously given between A. Also, in my view, it is very unlikely that the founder of Neoplatonic philosophy should have been at the same time a Christian.

Plotinus went, heard a lecture, and exclaimed to his comrade: Ammonius fell from a life of piety into heathen customs. Blavatsky had a profound interest in both Neoplatonism and Gnosticism and both subjects are still studied by Theosophical groups around the world. This article needs additional citations for verification.

As he designedly wrote nothing, and, with the aid of his pupils, kept his views secret, after the manner of the Pythagoreans, his philosophy must be inferred mainly from the writings of Plotinus.

The International Society for Neoplatonic Studies pp.

He also established a system of moral discipline which allowed the people in general to live according to the laws of their country and the dictates of nature; but required the wise to exalt their minds by contemplation and to mortify the body. Porphyrythe most important student of Plotinus, in his book entitled On the Life of Plotinus and the Arrangement of his Work, says the following: He was the first who had a godly zeal for the truth in philosophy and despised the views of the majority, which were a disgrace to philosophy.


He is mainly known as the teacher of Plotinuswhom he taught for eleven years from to Hierocleswriting in the 5th century, states that Ammonius’ fundamental doctrine was that Plato and Aristotle were in full agreement with each other: He was a mysterious figure, almost a cult-leader. Carneades Clitomachus Charmadas Philo of Larissa.

In order to reconcile the popular religions, and particularly the Christian, with this new system, he made the whole history of the heathen gods an allegory, maintaining that they were only celestial ministers entitled to an inferior kind of worship; and he acknowledged that Jesus Christ was an excellent man and the friend of God, but alleged that it was not his design entirely to abolish the worship of demons, and that his only intention was to purify the ancient religion.

Ammonius was a charismatic teacher. But he [Plotinus] did not just mamonius straight out of these books but took a distinctive personal line in his consideration, and brought the mind of Ammonius’ to bear on the investigation in hand.

Ammonius Saccas – Encyclopedia

F ragments left from Porphyry ‘s book entitled, Against the Christians sacccas, give details about the life and teachings of Ammonius. Two of Ammonius’s students – Origen the Paganand Longinus – seem to have held philosophical positions which were closer to Middle Platonism than Neoplatonism, which perhaps suggests that Ammonius’s doctrines were also closer to those of Middle Platonism than the Neoplatonism developed by Ammohius see the Enneadsbut Plotinus does not seem to have thought that he was departing in any significant way from that of his master.

His works yet extant show this, as he is celebrated among many sacfas the writings which he has left. Damascius ‘ History is considered the source containing most details about Ammonius’ life. Ammonius was literally a sack carrier working on the docks of Alexandria, while Socrates was an Athenian stonemason.

Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved from ” https: Accordingly, we have no direct evidence of his philosophical beliefs.

He apprehended well the views of each of the two philosophers [Plato and Aristotle] and brought them under one and the same nous and transmitted philosophy without conflicts to saccxs of amomnius disciples, and especially to the best of those acquainted with him, Plotinus, Origen, and their successors.

These things are said by Porphyry in the third book of his work against the Christians. This confusion in identity may be due to the fact that Ammonius taught both Plotinus the Neoplatonist and Origen the Christian; later scholars on both sides wrote their own saccxs about Ammonius, ignorant of the historical context in which the man lived.


According to Porphyry, his parents were Christian, but upon learning Greek philosophy, Ammonius rejected his parents’ religion and returned to paganism.

Ammonius Saccas | Neoplatonic philosopher |

I qmmonius two other comments: According to Porphyry, the parents of Ammonius were Christiansbut upon learning Greek philosophy, Ammonius rejected his parents’ religion for paganism.

His works yet extant show this, as he is celebrated among many for the writings which he has left. These teachings concerned the nature of the soul and its relation to the body; they were stated to be oral teachings only, since Ammonius waccas strongly opposed to making any written accounts of his beliefs.

Porphyry and Plotinus both indicate that Ammonius left no written works. There seems no reason, therefore, to doubt that Eusebius is here referring to the Christian philosopher. He [ Ammonius ] adopted the doctrines which were received in Egypt concerning the Universe and the Deity, considered as constituting one great whole; concerning the eternity of the world, the nature of souls, the empire of Providence and the government of the world by daimons.

To add to the confusion, it seems that Ammonius had two pupils called Origen: But his new strain of Platonism was so distinctive that it came to be called Neoplatonism. A friend to whom he opened his heart divined his temperamental craving and suggested Ammonius, whom he had not yet tried.

For the author of the early Gospel synopsis please see Ammonius of Alexandria. Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyryfirst published in And since there were two Origens who were accepted as contemporaries it was easy for later Christians to accept that there were two individuals named Ammonius, one a Christian and one a Pagan.

We do know that two of his pupils were extremely important and brilliant philosophers: He was undoubtedly the biggest influence on Plotinus in his development of Neoplatonismalthough little is known about his own philosophical views. He went and heard him, and said to his friend, “This is the man I was looking for.

His parents were poor and he received little formal education. Also, both Ammonius and Socrates originally held relatively menial occupations. However, we are told by Longinus that Ammonius wrote nothing, [5] and if Ammonius was the principal influence on Plotinus, then it is unlikely that Ammonius would have been a Christian. Porphyry says he was a pagan; Eusebius demurs.